Structural geology is a scientific field that examines the structural design of structures and how they were formed over time. These structures range from the earth’s surface to mountain ranges and even the structure of our own bodies. Michael Osland describes about the structure of Geology.
In basic terms, structural geology involves studying the three-dimensional distribution of mineralogical units concerning their respective geodynamic histories. The mineralogical units include such minerals as quartz, feldspars, amphiboles, and strontium. As these mineral units are examined, they are revealed as a three-dimensional lattice of geoidal patterns.
Structural Geologists believe that the physical environment of the earth is extremely complex. While this may seem like an obvious statement, it does require a lot of understanding. For example, mineralogical systems are found in such diverse environments as rivers, lakes, and volcanoes. Geologists must be able to decipher how these mineralogical systems have been formed. The understanding of how these minerals were formed provides insight into the evolution and behavior of the planet.
Mineral distributions can also be found in a variety of geological settings. As these mineral systems interact with other mineralogical systems in the earth, the geologist can gain insight into the behavior of the planet. This insight allows geologists to develop theories about the causes of certain geologic events. Understanding how geologically related minerals and their respective geothermal interact can also be used to determine the likely conditions that would exist in different geologic environments.
Two different types of structural geology are generally distinguished: sedimentary and metamorphic. Sedimentary geology studies the geological history of sediments and their deposition over time. Metamorphic geology studies the geological history of metamorphic rocks such as limestone and dolomites. The formation of these rock types over time provides insight into the geological evolution of both sedimentary and metamorphic rocks.
Structural Geology has several applications. This field of study can be used in a variety of ways for construction purposes. The construction of buildings, bridges, dams, and even roads and highways is based on geologically related processes.
Geologists who specialize in structural geology must use several techniques to examine their samples. They may use gravity, thermography, and computer imaging. Computer imaging is a type of computer-aided imaging that uses computer software to examine and create images of the Earth.
Geologists also use a wide variety of techniques to analyze their samples, including laboratory experiments. In these experiments, geologists expose their samples to chemical or biological agents, such as acid, to determine the reaction of their samples to these agents. Geologists must have the ability to interpret these laboratory tests and interpret the data obtained from them to accurately determine the cause of the reaction. Geologists also have to be able to analyze the chemical compositions of rock samples and determine the possible reactions that could take place at a geological surface. Geologists also use laboratory techniques to test their theories and make predictions.
Structural Geology is a vast field of study that is constantly evolving. These scientists are constantly discovering new ways to analyze their samples, and this information is used to determine the future of the world. This information is vital for predicting where the Earth might be in the future.